Port wine, made in Douro, the impressive landscape of which has been classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, and aged in the cellars of Vila Nova de Gaia, is a liqueur wine, produced in difficult and unique conditions in the world. In its production, the process of fermentation of the must is stopped through the addition of wine spirits. It is the way in which it is aged and the aging time that gives rise to the two main styles of Port: Tawny and Ruby. Within the first, there are the Tawny, Tawny Reserve, Tawny with an Indication of Age (10 years, 20 years, 30 years and 40 years) and Harvest. Within the Ruby range, you will find the categories, Reserve, Late Bottled Vintage (LBV) and Vintage. Then there are the White and the Rose Ports.
Over 50 wine houses in Porto age this nectar that is unique to the world in the cellars that are located in Vila Nova de Gaia, on the south bank of the River Douro. Most companies have guided tours and tastings of the different varieties of port wine.
For example, at Avenida Diogo Leite, one can find the Calém, Kopke and Quinta do Noval varieties. Along the riverbank, but already in Largo Miguel Bombarda, one can also visit the Sandeman. At Ramos Pinto Avenue, are the Ramos Pinto, Ferreira and Sogevinus varieties. In adjacent streets, rising to a higher quota, you will find other Port wine cellars, such as Croft, Taylor's, Fonseca or Graham's. Usually between May and October, these locations open between 10 am and 7 pm, and between November and April, they can open up to one hour earlier.